- Agra summit of 2001 could have changed history
- Musharraf hit back and left the agreement in limbo
- Breathed his last while living a life of almost anonymity in Dubai
former military officer and president of pakistan Pervez Musharraf Of Dubai I died on Sunday after a long illness. Musharraf in 1999 Nawaz Sharif government’s Coup took over power and from 2001 to 2008 Pakistan held the office of the President of Pervez Musharraf was ill for a long time. Musharraf had been living in Dubai since March 2016 and was taking amyloidosis therapy here. In medical science, it is a rare condition that occurs when the abnormal protein amyloid is deposited in various parts of the body. The organs of the person suffering from this stop working normally due to accumulation of proteins.
Pervez Musharraf came to Karachi from New Delhi after partition
After the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Pervez Musharraf moved from New Delhi to Karachi with his family. He was the son of a diplomat who lived in Turkey from 1949 to 1956. He joined the army in 1964. After completing his studies at the Army Command and Staff College in Quetta, he attended the Royal College of Defense Studies in London. Pervez Musharraf held various positions in the Pakistan Army involving artillery, infantry and commando groups. He also served as a professor in the Quetta Staff College and the War Wing of the National Defense College. He participated in Pakistan’s wars with India in 1965 and 1971. In October 1998 he was named Chief of the Armed Forces by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Musharraf is considered a key strategist for the invasion of Indian-administered Kashmir in the summer of 1999.
Also read: From PM Modi to Vajpayee, why secret Indo-Pak peace talks on Kashmir have always failed
Nawaz Sharif’s coup took power
However, under the pressure of the international community, Nawaz Sharif had to order the Pakistani troops to retreat to the Pak-controlled area. This step of Nawaz Sharif had angered the army. While Musharraf was out of the country on 12 October 1999, Sharif dismissed him and tried unsuccessfully to stop his plane from landing at Karachi airport. However, the Pakistani army overthrew Nawaz Sharif by capturing other major government institutions including the airport. After the coup, the Pakistani army declared Pervez Musharraf as the leader of the military administration. After this, Musharraf suspended the constitution by dissolving the parliament. Pervez Musharraf was widely considered to have moderate views and promised a return to civilian rule in the future. Meanwhile, to govern Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf established the National Security Council, which was made up of civilian and military members. He took office in early 2001 and thereafter tried to reach an agreement with India regarding the Kashmir region. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, there was a rift in relations between the US administration and Musharraf. Later, the American army also attacked in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border area to eliminate Islamic terrorists.
Pervez Musharraf narrowly survived several terrorist attacks
Pervez Musharraf was subjected to several terrorist attacks in later years, in which he narrowly survived. Pervez Musharraf restored the constitution in 2002 with some amendments. These amendments were named the Legal Framework Order, which extended his term as President by another five years. The legislature adopted most of the provisions of the Legal Framework Order in late 2003, after parliamentary elections were held in October 2002. In 2007, the Pakistani Supreme Court opposed Musharraf’s efforts to be re-elected as President. Mainly for the reason that Pervez Musharraf was still in office as the President and the highest officer of the army. The court also rejected his request to suspend the chief justice and postponed Musharraf’s re-election results in October. After this Musharraf declared emergency in November. He again suspended the constitution, removed the Chief Justice and other Supreme Court justices, detained opposition political leaders, and imposed restrictions on the press and media. Pervez Musharraf did all this in the name of dealing with terrorist threats.
Also read: Former President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf passed away, was ill for a long time
Pervez Musharraf went to Dubai and disappeared into obscurity
Shortly after, when the newly constituted Supreme Court rejected the final legal objections to his reinstatement as President, he resigned his position as General to become President. In mid-December, Musharraf declared an end to the emergency, but after ensuring that the policies implemented during the emergency could not be tinkered with, based on constitutional amendments. The dismal performance of Musharraf’s party in the February 2008 legislative elections was interpreted by many as a rejection of the president and his regime. After the elections, an opposition coalition led by Asi Ali Zardari, husband of the late former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, and Nawaz Sharif emerged. In early August 2008, the ruling coalition began impeachment proceedings against Musharraf, citing significant constitutional violations. Faced with impending charges, Musharraf finally tendered his resignation on 18 August. While living in Dubai, Musharraf was facing charges of treason for imposing a constitutional emergency in 2007 by suspending the constitution. This was a punishable offense for which he was also found guilty in 2014. He was suffering from amyloidosis and was undergoing treatment in Dubai.
Education: He studied at St. Patrick’s School in Karachi. He later studied mathematics at the Forman Christian College in Lahore and then at the Royal College of Defense Studies in the United Kingdom.
Pakistani army: He joined the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and was commissioned in the Pakistan Army in 1964. He played an active role in the Afghan Civil War. Musharraf was a second lieutenant during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. In the 1980s, he was commanding an artillery brigade. Musharraf was promoted to major general in the 1990s. He was later given the command of the Infantry Division and later the Special Services Group. In 1998, Musharraf was promoted to the rank of four-star general by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and made the head of the armed forces.
Kargil War: The former dictator initiated the 1999 Kargil war with India without the approval of the elected Nawaz Sharif government. According to former PM Nawaz Sharif’s aides, Pervez Musharraf was trying to derail the talks with India through the Kargil war. Although India also won the Kargil war.
coup d’état He seized power in a 1999 coup by removing Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. He also served as the President of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. Musharraf ruled Pakistan from 1999 to 2008 and had been living in Dubai in self-imposed exile since 2016.
Reversal on Kashmir: The Agra summit of 2001 is remembered as the biggest missed opportunity in India-Pakistan relations. Former Foreign Minister of Pakistan Khurshid Mehmood Kasuri has written in his book ‘Neither a Hawk nor a Dove’ that ‘the solution of Kashmir was in the hands of both the governments. Then why did the solution slip out of the hands of both New Delhi and Islamabad? Different parties had different views on this. Musharraf proposed a ‘four-point solution’ for Kashmir. Sources say that the solution was in principle acceptable to the then Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, but a few hours before the signing ceremony, the matter was reversed. The four points of Musharraf’s solution plan were demilitarization or a phased withdrawal of troops, no change in Kashmir’s boundaries, a joint supervision mechanism in Jammu and Kashmir consisting of the people of India, Pakistan and Kashmir including self-government without granting independence.
20 Bombs: In 2019, Musharraf had said that if Islamabad decides to launch a single nuclear attack on the neighboring country, India can finish off Pakistan with 20 bombs.
Fugitive: In 2018, Javed Iqbal, a retired judge, accused Musharraf of selling 4,000 Pakistani locals abroad. Also, Pervez Musharraf was declared a fugitive in the Benazir Bhutto murder case and the Lal Masjid Maulvi murder case.